lunes, 17 de mayo de 2010


Que significa: pueblo de la amistad en Nahutl.

Que significa: región indígena del norte de México que emigraron hacia el sur del continente.

Necoc Yaotl (El que es enemigo de ambos bandos): Bajo este título se le consideraba como el sembrador de la discordia o el que incitaba a unos contra otros.


Nicoa es el nombre de un cacique (Cacique Nicoa) que goberno la region que actualmente comprende el area de la gran Nicoya.
Nicoya, cuyo nombre significa "Camino de los guerreros" fue visitada por Gil González De Avila en 1522. En la conquista se convirtió en un importante punto estratégico de avanzada ya sea hacia Nicaragua, hacia Panamá, hacia Cartago o hacia Perú, adonde fueron a dar muchos chorotegas, cuando se dio el auge de la consquista de dicho territorio.

Cuando los españoles llegaron a Nicoya en 1522, era gobernada por el cacique Nicoa, que mantenia constante pelea con Chira, cacique de las islas del Golfo de Nicoya, en el océano Pacífico. Nicoya era un pueblo de lucha constante por el dominio de la zona, a la que se le conoce como La Gran Nicoya, debido a que abarcaba no solo la poblacion, sino numerosos pueblos vecinos de toda la peninsula y con incursiones en las islas y al otro lado del Golfo. Su legado cultural proveniente de la cultura chorotega, hace que tenga muchas similitudes con la cultura mesoaméricana que se refleja en Centroamérica, siendo este el ultimo lugar de avanzada de dicha zona cultural.

Los belicosos huetares de Gurutiña (hoy Orotina) al sur de Alajuela y Corobicí (hoy cerca de Cañas, Guanacaste) al este, de influencia suramericana y chibcha, limitaron el avance de los chorotegas, nombre que en nahuatl significa "pueblo que huye". Esto debido a que los chorotegas, venian migrando progresivamente desde México,conquistando tierras pero tambien eran expulsados por otras tribus, hasta que definitivamente lograron asentarse en el oeste de Guanacaste y al sur de Nicaragua.

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